One purpose of the book of Hebrews is to encourage those who want to return to Judaism to keep pursuing Christ. It is interesting how the author of this book reminds the struggling that Jesus Christ is indeed the Son of God prophesied long ago in the Old Testament. The author, in the first chapter of Hebrews, uses only the word “Son”; neither “Jesus” nor “Christ” is present. In this way, those who want to go back to Judaism are reminded there is this “Son” mentioned in the Old Testament, who is (even though OT has no mentioning of the name “Jesus”), For example, in Psalm 2, David tells us to “Kiss the Son”(v12). In the second chapter, “Jesus” is used but “Christ” is still not present. Through quoting Psalm 8, this chapter testifies that Jesus is as indeed the one who was “made a little lower than angels yet he was crowed with glory” (Psalm 8:5). Jesus, as an “ordinary man”, suffered, was tempted, and had experienced death. In the third chapter, “Christ” is finally present. Christos, the “anointed one”. The Son of God, the chosen one, as depicted in the Old Testament, is indeed Jesus Christ! Christ is superior than any other religion. Not only so, we are together His house (v6) and we are to share in Him (v14). He now dwells among us and we partake in His victory.
What a glorious progression revealed in these three chapters. But that’s not all. Later on, in Chapter 7, we are told that Christ is the High Priest after the order of Melchizedek. Melchizedek is a type of Christ described in Genesis 14 and Psalm 110,
“The Lord has sworn
and will not change his mind,
“You are a priest forever
after the order of Melchizedek.” (Psalm 110:4)
Quoting from Psalm 110, Hebrew 7:17 writes, “For it is declared:’You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.'” Isn’t it marvelous that, in the beginning, in the book of Genesis, God has already typified Christ through Melchizedek. Meanwhile, in Psalms, we are foretold that Christ will eternally be our High Priest after the order of Melchizedek. Now, the author of the book of Hebrews reassures this very fact. What an amazing consistency!